Early Years Curriculum

Early Years Curriculum 
'Every child deserves the best possible start in life and the support that enables them to fulfil their potential.'
Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage - April 2017
In our Early Years our practitioners follow the guidance set out in the Statutory Framework for Early Years and in the non-statutory guidance called Early Years guidance which supports practitioners with implementing the statutory guidance of the EYFS (Early Years Foundation Stage). 

The Foundation Stage is the stage of education for children from birth to the end of the Reception year or age 5.

The Foundation Stage Curriculum is based on the recognition that children learn best through play and active learning.

The curriculum is organised into the seven areas of learning listed below:


  • Personal Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development
  • Communication and Language 


  • Literacy
  • Maths
  • Understanding the World
  • Expressive Arts and Design
 The younger children will focus mainly upon the three prime areas of the curriculum and gradually as their confidence grows will progress into the more specific areas. 
Prime areas 
Personal, Social and emotional development. 
Children will learn to:
  • Play co-operatively, taking turns;
  • Listen to others;
  • Form positive relationships;
  • Try new activities
  • Speak to others
  • Ask for help.
  • Talk about feelings
  • Talk about behaviour
  • Work as part of group or class
  • Follow rules
Communication, language and literacy. 
Children will learn to: 
  • Listen attentively
  • Make relevant responses
  • Follow instructions
  • Ask ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions
  • Can express ideas to an audience
  • Describe events in past, present, future
  • Develop narratives and explanations
Physical development.
Children will learn to: 
  • Show good co-ordination.
  • Move confidently.
  • Negotiate space.
  • Handle equipment and tools.
  • Understand importance of diet and exercise for good health
  • Talk about ways to keep healthy and safe
  • Dress independently
  • Wash independently
  • Go to the toilet independently
Specific areas
Children will learn to: 
  • develop their vocabulary
  • have favourite stories, rhymes, songs and poems. 
  • enjoy rhyming and rhythmic activities
  • talk about stories
  • Look at and handle books
  • develop their phonic knowledge
  • hear and say initial sounds 
  • segment sounds and blend them
  • read words and sentences
  • talk about the books they read. 

In Number the children will: 

  • Count reliably with numbers 1 – 20
  • Place numbers 1 – 20 in order
  • Recognise or select numbers
  • Add and subtract
  • Solve problems

In Shape, Space & Measure the children will:

  • Use measurements
  • Recognise, create, describe patterns
  • Describe objects and shapes 
The World
children will learn to: 
  • Talk about past and present events.
  • Show sensitivity to likes/dislikes of others.
  • Know similarities/differences between themselves and others.
  • Learn in familiar places.
  • Observe and describe environments.
  • Recognise the uses of technology.
  • Use technology for a purpose.
Expressive Arts and Design
Children will learn to: 
  • Sing songs.
  • Make movement.       
  • Dance.
  • Use tools and materials safely.
  • Use media and materials imaginatively.
  • Represent their ideas in a variety ways.
Monitoring children's progress 
Assessments are used in Early Years to help practitioners gather evidence to show children's progress and we then share this with parents and carers. These assessments are ongoing throughout children's time in Early Years and build up a picture of what a child is able to do and what needs to be provided to support their next steps. 
In order to do this staff in school will: 
  • observe children whilst they play.
  • observe children during more structured activities.
  • match their observations to the expectations of the development statements.
  • use these observations to plan the next steps in learning. 
In Early Years we collect observations through an on-line journal on the Northumberland School 360 site to create individual learning journeys for each child.  Parents will be provided with a log in following the signing of an agreement form to consent to the collection of evidence.  
Parents and carers knowledge of children and children's own experiences outside of school are all used to support the assessment process. We value parental or carer contributions to build up this picture and encourage a partnership between school and home through Home School Me books and contributions from parents for our online Learning Journals.  We also enable communication through regular informal contact with parents during the day as well as providing opportunities during two year checks or parental consultations to share successes and future goals. 
At the end of Reception year an Early Years Foundation Stage Profile is completed for each child which provides an all round assessment of each child's knowledge, understanding and skills against the expectations set out in the Early Learning Goals for the end of Foundation Stage. This will be discussed and shared with parents at the end of their child's Reception year.